Posts Tagged scalar field

Recent Postings from scalar field

Generalized uncertainty principle and the conformally coupled scalar field quantum cosmology

We exactly solve the Wheeler-DeWitt equation for the closed homogeneous and isotropic quantum cosmology in the presence of a conformally coupled scalar field and in the context of the generalized uncertainty principle. This form of generalized uncertainty principle is motivated by the black hole physics and it predicts a minimal length uncertainty proportional to the Planck length. We construct wave packets in momentum minisuperspace which closely follow classical trajectories and strongly peak on them upon choosing appropriate initial conditions. Moreover, based on the DeWitt criterion, we obtain wave packets that exhibit singularity-free behavior.

Generalized uncertainty principle and the conformally coupled scalar field quantum cosmology [Cross-Listing]

We exactly solve the Wheeler-DeWitt equation for the closed homogeneous and isotropic quantum cosmology in the presence of a conformally coupled scalar field and in the context of the generalized uncertainty principle. This form of generalized uncertainty principle is motivated by the black hole physics and it predicts a minimal length uncertainty proportional to the Planck length. We construct wave packets in momentum minisuperspace which closely follow classical trajectories and strongly peak on them upon choosing appropriate initial conditions. Moreover, based on the DeWitt criterion, we obtain wave packets that exhibit singularity-free behavior.

The Parameterized Post-Friedmannian Framework for Interacting Dark Energy Theories

We present the most general parametrisation of models of dark energy in the form of a scalar field which is explicitly coupled to dark matter. We follow and extend the Parameterized Post-Friedmannian approach, previously applied to modified gravity theories, in order to include interacting dark energy. We demonstrate its use through a number of worked examples and show how the initially large parameter space of free functions can be significantly reduced and constrained to include only a few non-zero coefficients. This paves the way for a model-independent approach to classify and test interacting dark energy theories.

Observation of Discrete Oscillations in a Model-independent Plot of Cosmological Scale Factor vs. Lookback Time and a Scalar Field Model

We have observed damped longitudinal cosmological-scale oscillations in a unique model-independent plot of scale factor against lookback time for Type Ia supernovae data. We found several first-derivative relative maxima/minima spanning the range of reported transition-redshifts. These extrema comprise 2 full cycles with a period of approximately 0.15 Hubble times (H0=68 km/s/Mpc). This period corresponds to a fundamental frequency of approximately 7 cycles over the Hubble time. Transition-z values quoted in the literature generally fall near these minima and may explain the reported wide spread up to the predicted LCDM value of approximately z = 0.77. We also observe second and third harmonics of the fundamental. The scale factor data is analyzed several different ways including smoothing, Fourier transform and autocorrelation. We propose a cosmological scalar field harmonic oscillator model for the observation. On this time scale, for a quantum scalar field, the scalar field mass is extraordinarily small at 3×10-32 eV. Our scalar field density parameter precisely replaces the LCDM dark matter density parameter in the Friedmann equations, resulting in essentially identical data fits, and its present value matches the Planck value. Thus the wave is fundamentally a dark matter wave. We therefore posit that this scalar field manifests itself as the dark matter.

How can we tell whether dark energy is composed by multiple fields? [Cross-Listing]

Dark energy is often assumed to be composed by a single scalar field. The background cosmic expansion is not sufficient to determine whether this is true or not. We study multi-field scalar-tensor models with a general dark matter source and write the observable modified gravity parameters (effective gravitational constant and anisotropic stress) in the form of a ratio of polynomials in the Fourier wavenumber k of order 2N, where N is the number of scalar fields. By comparing these observables to real data it is in principle possible to determine the number of dark energy scalar fields coupled to gravity. We also show that there are no realistic non-trivial cases in which the order of the polynomials is reduced.

How can we tell whether dark energy is composed by multiple fields? [Cross-Listing]

Dark energy is often assumed to be composed by a single scalar field. The background cosmic expansion is not sufficient to determine whether this is true or not. We study multi-field scalar-tensor models with a general dark matter source and write the observable modified gravity parameters (effective gravitational constant and anisotropic stress) in the form of a ratio of polynomials in the Fourier wavenumber k of order 2N, where N is the number of scalar fields. By comparing these observables to real data it is in principle possible to determine the number of dark energy scalar fields coupled to gravity. We also show that there are no realistic non-trivial cases in which the order of the polynomials is reduced.

How can we tell whether dark energy is composed by multiple fields?

Dark energy is often assumed to be composed by a single scalar field. The background cosmic expansion is not sufficient to determine whether this is true or not. We study multi-field scalar-tensor models with a general dark matter source and write the observable modified gravity parameters (effective gravitational constant and anisotropic stress) in the form of a ratio of polynomials in the Fourier wavenumber k of order 2N, where N is the number of scalar fields. By comparing these observables to real data it is in principle possible to determine the number of dark energy scalar fields coupled to gravity. We also show that there are no realistic non-trivial cases in which the order of the polynomials is reduced.

Proper time and conformal problem in Kaluza-Klein theory [Cross-Listing]

In the traditional Kaluza-Klein theory, the cylinder condition and the constancy of the extra-dimensional radius (scalar field) imply that timelike geodesics on the 5-dimensional bundle project to solutions of the Lorentz force equation on spacetime. This property is lost for non constant scalar fields, in fact there appear new terms that have been interpreted mainly as new forces or as due to a variable inertial mass and/or charge. Here we prove that the additional terms can be removed if we assume that charged particles are coupled with the same spacetime conformal structure of neutral particles but through a different conformal factor. As a consequence, in Kaluza-Klein theory the proper time of the charged particle might depend on the charge-to-mass ratio and the scalar field. Then we show that the compatibility between the equation of the projected geodesic and the classical limit of the Klein-Gordon equation fixes unambiguously the conformal factor of the coupling metric solving the `conformal ambiguity problem’ of Kaluza-Klein theories. We confirm this result by explicitly constructing the projection of the Klein-Gordon equation and by showing that each Fourier mode, even for a variable scalar field, satisfies the Klein-Gordon equation on the base.

Thick brane models in generalized theories of gravity [Cross-Listing]

This work deals with thick braneworld models, in an environment where the Ricci scalar is changed to accommodate the addition of two extra terms, one depending on the Ricci scalar itself, and the other, which takes into account the trace of the energy-momentum tensor of the scalar field that sources the braneworld scenario. We suppose that the scalar field engenders standard kinematics, and we show explicitly that the gravity sector of this new braneworld scenario is linearly stable. We illustrate the general results investigating two distinct models, focusing on how the brane profile is changed in the modified theories.

Thick brane models in generalized theories of gravity [Cross-Listing]

This work deals with thick braneworld models, in an environment where the Ricci scalar is changed to accommodate the addition of two extra terms, one depending on the Ricci scalar itself, and the other, which takes into account the trace of the energy-momentum tensor of the scalar field that sources the braneworld scenario. We suppose that the scalar field engenders standard kinematics, and we show explicitly that the gravity sector of this new braneworld scenario is linearly stable. We illustrate the general results investigating two distinct models, focusing on how the brane profile is changed in the modified theories.

Thick brane models in generalized theories of gravity

This work deals with thick braneworld models, in an environment where the Ricci scalar is changed to accommodate the addition of two extra terms, one depending on the Ricci scalar itself, and the other, which takes into account the trace of the energy-momentum tensor of the scalar field that sources the braneworld scenario. We suppose that the scalar field engenders standard kinematics, and we show explicitly that the gravity sector of this new braneworld scenario is linearly stable. We illustrate the general results investigating two distinct models, focusing on how the brane profile is changed in the modified theories.

Dynamical Analysis of Scalar Field Cosmologies with Spatial Curvature [Cross-Listing]

We explore the dynamical behaviour of cosmological models involving a scalar field (with an exponential potential and a canonical kinetic term) and a matter fluid with spatial curvature included in the equations of motion. Using appropriately defined parameters to describe the evolution of the scalar field energy in this situation, we find that there are two extra fixed points that are not present in the case without curvature. We also analyse the evolution of the effective equation-of-state parameter for different initial values of the curvature.

Dynamical Analysis of Scalar Field Cosmologies with Spatial Curvature

We explore the dynamical behaviour of cosmological models involving a scalar field (with an exponential potential and a canonical kinetic term) and a matter fluid with spatial curvature included in the equations of motion. Using appropriately defined parameters to describe the evolution of the scalar field energy in this situation, we find that there are two extra fixed points that are not present in the case without curvature. We also analyse the evolution of the effective equation-of-state parameter for different initial values of the curvature.

Quintessential inflation with canonical and noncanonical scalar fields and Planck 2015 results [Cross-Listing]

We investigate two classes of models of quintessential inflation, based upon canonical as well as noncanonical scalar fields. In particular, introducing potentials steeper than the standard exponential, we construct models that can give rise to a successful inflationary phase, with signatures consistent with Planck 2015 results. Additionally, using nonminimal coupling of the scalar field with massive neutrino matter, we obtain the standard thermal history of the Universe, with late-time cosmic acceleration as the last stage of evolution. In both cases, inflation and late-time acceleration are connected by a tracker solution.

Quintessential inflation with canonical and noncanonical scalar fields and Planck 2015 results

We investigate two classes of models of quintessential inflation, based upon canonical as well as noncanonical scalar fields. In particular, introducing potentials steeper than the standard exponential, we construct models that can give rise to a successful inflationary phase, with signatures consistent with Planck 2015 results. Additionally, using nonminimal coupling of the scalar field with massive neutrino matter, we obtain the standard thermal history of the Universe, with late-time cosmic acceleration as the last stage of evolution. In both cases, inflation and late-time acceleration are connected by a tracker solution.

Quintessential inflation with canonical and noncanonical scalar fields and Planck 2015 results [Cross-Listing]

We investigate two classes of models of quintessential inflation, based upon canonical as well as noncanonical scalar fields. In particular, introducing potentials steeper than the standard exponential, we construct models that can give rise to a successful inflationary phase, with signatures consistent with Planck 2015 results. Additionally, using nonminimal coupling of the scalar field with massive neutrino matter, we obtain the standard thermal history of the Universe, with late-time cosmic acceleration as the last stage of evolution. In both cases, inflation and late-time acceleration are connected by a tracker solution.

Interacting dark energy: the role of microscopic feedback in the dark sector [Cross-Listing]

We investigate the impact on the classical dynamics of dark matter particles and dark energy of a non-minimal coupling in the dark sector, assuming that the mass of the dark matter particles is coupled to a dark energy scalar field. We show that standard results can only be recovered if the space-time variation of the dark energy scalar field is sufficiently smooth on the characteristic length scale of the dark matter particles, and we determine the associated constraint dependent on both the mass and radius of the dark matter particles and the coupling to the dark energy scalar field. We further show, using field theory numerical simulations, that a violation of such constraint results in a microscopic feedback effect strongly affecting the dynamics of dark matter particles, with a potential impact on structure formation and on the space-time evolution of the dark energy equation of state.

Interacting dark energy: the role of microscopic feedback in the dark sector [Cross-Listing]

We investigate the impact on the classical dynamics of dark matter particles and dark energy of a non-minimal coupling in the dark sector, assuming that the mass of the dark matter particles is coupled to a dark energy scalar field. We show that standard results can only be recovered if the space-time variation of the dark energy scalar field is sufficiently smooth on the characteristic length scale of the dark matter particles, and we determine the associated constraint dependent on both the mass and radius of the dark matter particles and the coupling to the dark energy scalar field. We further show, using field theory numerical simulations, that a violation of such constraint results in a microscopic feedback effect strongly affecting the dynamics of dark matter particles, with a potential impact on structure formation and on the space-time evolution of the dark energy equation of state.

Interacting dark energy: the role of microscopic feedback in the dark sector

We investigate the impact on the classical dynamics of dark matter particles and dark energy of a non-minimal coupling in the dark sector, assuming that the mass of the dark matter particles is coupled to a dark energy scalar field. We show that standard results can only be recovered if the space-time variation of the dark energy scalar field is sufficiently smooth on the characteristic length scale of the dark matter particles, and we determine the associated constraint dependent on both the mass and radius of the dark matter particles and the coupling to the dark energy scalar field. We further show, using field theory numerical simulations, that a violation of such constraint results in a microscopic feedback effect strongly affecting the dynamics of dark matter particles, with a potential impact on structure formation and on the space-time evolution of the dark energy equation of state.

Interacting dark energy: the role of microscopic feedback in the dark sector [Cross-Listing]

We investigate the impact on the classical dynamics of dark matter particles and dark energy of a non-minimal coupling in the dark sector, assuming that the mass of the dark matter particles is coupled to a dark energy scalar field. We show that standard results can only be recovered if the space-time variation of the dark energy scalar field is sufficiently smooth on the characteristic length scale of the dark matter particles, and we determine the associated constraint dependent on both the mass and radius of the dark matter particles and the coupling to the dark energy scalar field. We further show, using field theory numerical simulations, that a violation of such constraint results in a microscopic feedback effect strongly affecting the dynamics of dark matter particles, with a potential impact on structure formation and on the space-time evolution of the dark energy equation of state.

Power-counting and Renormalizability in Lifshitz Scalar Theory [Cross-Listing]

We study the renormalizability in theories of a self-interacting Lifshitz scalar field. We show that although the statement of power-counting is true at one-loop order, in generic cases where the scalar field is dimensionless, an infinite number of counter terms are involved in the renormalization procedure. This problem can be avoided by imposing symmetries, the shift symmetry in the present paper, which allow only a finite number of counter terms to appear. The symmetry requirements might have important implications for the construction of matter field sectors in the Horava-Lifshitz gravity.

Power-counting and Renormalizability in Lifshitz Scalar Theory

We study the renormalizability in theories of a self-interacting Lifshitz scalar field. We show that although the statement of power-counting is true at one-loop order, in generic cases where the scalar field is dimensionless, an infinite number of counter terms are involved in the renormalization procedure. This problem can be avoided by imposing symmetries, the shift symmetry in the present paper, which allow only a finite number of counter terms to appear. The symmetry requirements might have important implications for the construction of matter field sectors in the Horava-Lifshitz gravity.

Hawking radiation for a scalar field conformally coupled to an AdS black hole

The decomposition in normal modes of a scalar field conformally coupled to an AdS black hole leads to a Heun equation with simple coefficients thanks to conformal invariance. By applying the Damour-Ruffini method we can relate the critical exponent of the radial part at the horizon surface to the Hawking radiation of scalar particles.

Dark Matter From Spacetime Nonlocality

We propose that dark matter is not yet another new particle in nature, but that it is a remnant of quantum gravitational effects on known fields. We arrive at this possibility in an indirect and surprising manner: by considering retarded, nonlocal, and Lorentzian evolution for quantum fields. This is inspired by recent developments in causal set theory, where such an evolution shows up as the continuum limit of scalar field propagation on a background causal set. Concretely, we study the quantum theory of a massless scalar field whose evolution is given not by the the d’Alembertian $\Box$, but by an operator $\tilde \Box$ which is Lorentz invariant, reduces to $\Box$ at low energies, and defines an explicitly retarded evolution: $(\tilde \Box \phi)(x)$ only depends on $\phi(y)$, with $y$ is in the causal past of $x$. This modification results in the existence of a continuum of massive particles, in addition to the usual massless ones, in the free theory. When interactions are introduced, these massive or off-shell quanta can be produced by the scattering of massless particles, but once produced, they no longer interact, which makes them a natural candidate for dark matter.

Dark Matter From Spacetime Nonlocality [Cross-Listing]

We propose that dark matter is not yet another new particle in nature, but that it is a remnant of quantum gravitational effects on known fields. We arrive at this possibility in an indirect and surprising manner: by considering retarded, nonlocal, and Lorentzian evolution for quantum fields. This is inspired by recent developments in causal set theory, where such an evolution shows up as the continuum limit of scalar field propagation on a background causal set. Concretely, we study the quantum theory of a massless scalar field whose evolution is given not by the the d’Alembertian $\Box$, but by an operator $\tilde \Box$ which is Lorentz invariant, reduces to $\Box$ at low energies, and defines an explicitly retarded evolution: $(\tilde \Box \phi)(x)$ only depends on $\phi(y)$, with $y$ is in the causal past of $x$. This modification results in the existence of a continuum of massive particles, in addition to the usual massless ones, in the free theory. When interactions are introduced, these massive or off-shell quanta can be produced by the scattering of massless particles, but once produced, they no longer interact, which makes them a natural candidate for dark matter.

On the breaking of gravitational conformal symmetry by means of a complex Brans-Dicke scalar and a Weyl gauge-vector

In the construction of a fundamental conformally-invariant gravitational theory for very early times in the universe or for very short distance scales, we need to invoke a symmetry-breaking mechanism so this theory can be transmuted into the conformally-noninvariant conventional Einstein theory that we see in the universe today at macroscopic distance scales. I here propose a simple and consistent way to achieve this breaking of conformal symmetry by the Higgs mechanism applied to a massless complex scalar field coupled to a massless vector field. Upon symmetry breaking, these scalar and vector fields acquire masses of the order of the Planck mass. Before symmetry breaking, the massless vector field obeys equations similar to those of the electromagnetic field, but it is distinct from it. This new vector field can be regarded as the Weyl gauge-vector for the transport of lengths in the conformal geometry.

Parametrizations in scalar-tensor theories of gravity and the limit of general relativity

We consider a general scalar-tensor theory of gravity and review briefly different forms it can be presented (different conformal frames and scalar field parametrizations). We investigate the conditions under which its field equations and the parametrized post-Newtonian parameters coincide with those of general relativity. We demonstrate that these so-called limits of general relativity are independent of the parametrization of the scalar field, although the transformation between scalar fields may be singular at the corresponding value of the scalar field. In particular, the limit of general relativity can equivalently be determined and investigated in the commonly used Jordan and Einstein frames.

AdS (In)stability: Lessons From The Scalar Field [Cross-Listing]

We argued in arXiv:1408.0624 that the quartic scalar field in AdS has features that could be instructive for answering the gravitational stability question of AdS. Indeed, the conserved charges identified there have recently been observed in the full gravity theory as well. In this paper, we continue our investigation of the scalar field in AdS and provide evidence that in the Two-Time Formalism (TTF), even for initial conditions that are far from quasi-periodicity, the energy in the higher modes at late times is exponentially suppressed in the mode number. Based on this and some related observations, we argue that there is no thermalization in the scalar TTF model within time-scales that go as $\sim 1/\epsilon^2$, where $\epsilon$ measures the initial amplitude (with only low-lying modes excited). It is tempting to speculate that the result holds also for AdS collapse.

AdS (In)stability: Lessons From The Scalar Field

We argued in arXiv:1408.0624 that the quartic scalar field in AdS has features that could be instructive for answering the gravitational stability question of AdS. Indeed, the conserved charges identified there have recently been observed in the full gravity theory as well. In this paper, we continue our investigation of the scalar field in AdS and provide evidence that in the Two-Time Formalism (TTF), even for initial conditions that are far from quasi-periodicity, the energy in the higher modes at late times is exponentially suppressed in the mode number. Based on this and some related observations, we argue that there is no thermalization in the scalar TTF model within time-scales that go as $\sim 1/\epsilon^2$, where $\epsilon$ measures the initial amplitude (with only low-lying modes excited). It is tempting to speculate that the result holds also for AdS collapse.

Scalar clouds in charged stringy black hole-mirror system

It is reported that massive scalar fields can form bound states around Kerr black holes [C. Herdeiro, and E. Radu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 221101 (2014)]. These bound states are called scalar clouds, which have a real frequency $\omega=m\Omega_H$, where $m$ is the azimuthal index and $\Omega_H$ is the horizon angular velocity of Kerr black hole. In this paper, we study scalar clouds in a spherically symmetric background, i.e. charged stringy black holes, with the mirror-like boundary condition. These bound states satisfy the superradiant critical frequency condition $\omega=q\Phi_H$ for the charged scalar field, where $q$ is the charge of scalar field, and $\Phi_H$ is the horizon electrostatic potential. We show that, for the specific set of black hole and scalar field parameters, the clouds are only possible for the specific mirror locations $r_m$. It is shown that the analytical results of mirror location $r_m$ for the clouds are perfectly coincide with the numerical results. In addition, we show that the scalar clouds are also possible when the mirror locations are close to the horizon.

Scalar clouds in charged stringy black hole-mirror system [Cross-Listing]

It is reported that massive scalar fields can form bound states around Kerr black holes [C. Herdeiro, and E. Radu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 221101 (2014)]. These bound states are called scalar clouds, which have a real frequency $\omega=m\Omega_H$, where $m$ is the azimuthal index and $\Omega_H$ is the horizon angular velocity of Kerr black hole. In this paper, we study scalar clouds in a spherically symmetric background, i.e. charged stringy black holes, with the mirror-like boundary condition. These bound states satisfy the superradiant critical frequency condition $\omega=q\Phi_H$ for the charged scalar field, where $q$ is the charge of scalar field, and $\Phi_H$ is the horizon electrostatic potential. We show that, for the specific set of black hole and scalar field parameters, the clouds are only possible for the specific mirror locations $r_m$. It is shown that the analytical results of mirror location $r_m$ for the clouds are perfectly coincide with the numerical results. In addition, we show that the scalar clouds are also possible when the mirror locations are close to the horizon.

Modelling anisotropic fluid spheres in general relativity [Replacement]

We argue that an arbitrary general relativistic anisotropic fluid sphere, (spherically symmetric but with transverse pressure not equal to radial pressure), can nevertheless be successfully modelled by suitable linear combinations of quite ordinary classical matter: an isotropic perfect fluid, a classical electromagnetic field, and a classical (minimally coupled) scalar field. While the most general decomposition is not unique, a preferred minimal decomposition can be constructed that is unique. We show how the classical energy conditions for the anisotropic fluid sphere can be related to energy conditions for the isotropic perfect fluid, electromagnetic field, and scalar field components of the model. Furthermore we show how this decomposition relates to the distribution of electric charge density and scalar charge density throughout the model that is used to mimic the anisotropic fluid sphere. Consequently, we can build physically reasonable matter models for almost any spherically symmetric spacetime.

Modelling anisotropic fluid spheres in general relativity

We argue that an arbitrary general relativistic anisotropic fluid sphere, (spherically symmetric but with transverse pressure not equal to radial pressure), can nevertheless be successfully modelled by suitable linear combinations of quite ordinary classical matter: an isotropic perfect fluid, a classical electromagnetic field, and a classical (minimally coupled) scalar field. While the most general decomposition is not unique, a preferred minimal decomposition can be constructed that is unique. We show how the classical energy conditions for the anisotropic fluid sphere can be related to energy conditions for the isotropic perfect fluid, electromagnetic field, and scalar field components of the model. Furthermore we show how this decomposition relates to the distribution of electric charge density and scalar charge density throughout the model that is used to mimic the anisotropic fluid sphere. Consequently, we can build physically reasonable matter models for almost any spherically symmetric spacetime.

Cosmological scalar field perturbations can grow

It has been argued that the small perturbations in the energy density to the homogeneous and isotropic configurations of a canonical scalar field in an expanding universe do not grow. We show that this is not true in general, and clarify the root of the misunderstanding. We revisit a simple model in which the linear perturbations grow like those in the standard cold dark matter scenario, but with the Jeans length at the scale of the Compton wavelength of the scalar particle.

Cosmological scalar field perturbations can grow [Cross-Listing]

It has been argued that the small perturbations in the energy density to the homogeneous and isotropic configurations of a canonical scalar field in an expanding universe do not grow. We show that this is not true in general, and clarify the root of the misunderstanding. We revisit a simple model in which the linear perturbations grow like those in the standard cold dark matter scenario, but with the Jeans length at the scale of the Compton wavelength of the scalar particle.

Cosmological scalar field perturbations can grow [Cross-Listing]

It has been argued that the small perturbations in the energy density to the homogeneous and isotropic configurations of a canonical scalar field in an expanding universe do not grow. We show that this is not true in general, and clarify the root of the misunderstanding. We revisit a simple model in which the linear perturbations grow like those in the standard cold dark matter scenario, but with the Jeans length at the scale of the Compton wavelength of the scalar particle.

Vacuum Fluctuations of a Scalar Field during Inflation: Quantum versus Stochastic Analysis [Replacement]

We consider an infrared truncated massless minimally coupled scalar field with a quartic self-interaction in the locally de Sitter background of an inflating universe. We compute the two-point correlation function of the scalar at one and two-loop order applying quantum field theory. The tree-order correlator at a fixed comoving separation (that is at increasing physical distance) freezes in to a nonzero value. At a fixed physical distance, it grows linearly with comoving time. The one-loop correlator, which is the dominant quantum correction, implies a negative temporal growth in the correlation function, at this order, at a fixed comoving separation and at a fixed physical distance. We also obtain quantitative results for variance in space and time of one and two-loop correlators and infer that the contrast between the vacuum expectation value and the variance becomes less pronounced when the loop corrections are included. Finally, we repeat the analysis of the model applying a stochastic field theory and reach the same conclusions.

Vacuum Fluctuations of a Scalar Field during Inflation: Quantum versus Stochastic Analysis [Replacement]

We consider an infrared truncated massless minimally coupled scalar field with a quartic self-interaction in the locally de Sitter background of an inflating universe. We compute the two-point correlation function of the scalar at one and two-loop order applying quantum field theory. The tree-order correlator at a fixed comoving separation (that is at increasing physical distance) freezes in to a nonzero value. At a fixed physical distance, it grows linearly with comoving time. The one-loop correlator, which is the dominant quantum correction, implies a negative temporal growth in the correlation function, at this order, at a fixed comoving separation and at a fixed physical distance. We also obtain quantitative results for variance in space and time of one and two-loop correlators and infer that the contrast between the vacuum expectation value and the variance becomes less pronounced when the loop corrections are included. Finally, we repeat the analysis of the model applying a stochastic field theory and reach the same conclusions.

Vacuum Fluctuations of a Scalar Field during Inflation: Quantum versus Stochastic Analysis [Replacement]

We consider an infrared truncated massless minimally coupled scalar field with a quartic self-interaction in the locally de Sitter background of an inflating universe. We compute the two-point correlation function of the scalar at one and two-loop order applying quantum field theory. The tree-order correlator at a fixed comoving separation (that is at increasing physical distance) freezes in to a nonzero value. At a fixed physical distance, it grows linearly with comoving time. The one-loop correlator, which is the dominant quantum correction, implies a negative temporal growth in the correlation function, at this order, at a fixed comoving separation and at a fixed physical distance. We also obtain quantitative results for variance in space and time of one and two-loop correlators and infer that the contrast between the vacuum expectation value and the variance becomes less pronounced when the loop corrections are included. Finally, we repeat the analysis of the model applying a stochastic field theory and reach the same conclusions.

Vacuum Fluctuations of a Scalar Field during Inflation: Quantum versus Stochastic Analysis [Cross-Listing]

We consider an infrared truncated massless minimally coupled scalar field with a quartic self-interaction in the locally de Sitter background of an inflating universe. We compute the two-point correlation function of the scalar at one and two-loop order applying quantum field theory. The tree-order correlator at a fixed comoving separation (that is at increasing physical distance) freezes in to a nonzero value. At a fixed physical distance, it grows linearly with comoving time. The one-loop correlator, which is the dominant quantum correction, implies a negative temporal growth in the correlation function, at this order, at a fixed comoving separation and at a fixed physical distance. We also obtain quantitative results for variance in space and time of one and two-loop correlators and infer that the contrast between the vacuum expectation value and the variance becomes less pronounced when the loop corrections are included. Finally, we repeat the analysis of the model applying a stochastic field theory and reach the same conclusions.

Vacuum Fluctuations of a Scalar Field during Inflation: Quantum versus Stochastic Analysis

We consider an infrared truncated massless minimally coupled scalar field with a quartic self-interaction in the locally de Sitter background of an inflating universe. We compute the two-point correlation function of the scalar at one and two-loop order applying quantum field theory. The tree-order correlator at a fixed comoving separation (that is at increasing physical distance) freezes in to a nonzero value. At a fixed physical distance, it grows linearly with comoving time. The one-loop correlator, which is the dominant quantum correction, implies a negative temporal growth in the correlation function, at this order, at a fixed comoving separation and at a fixed physical distance. We also obtain quantitative results for variance in space and time of one and two-loop correlators and infer that the contrast between the vacuum expectation value and the variance becomes less pronounced when the loop corrections are included. Finally, we repeat the analysis of the model applying a stochastic field theory and reach the same conclusions.

Vacuum Fluctuations of a Scalar Field during Inflation: Quantum versus Stochastic Analysis [Cross-Listing]

We consider an infrared truncated massless minimally coupled scalar field with a quartic self-interaction in the locally de Sitter background of an inflating universe. We compute the two-point correlation function of the scalar at one and two-loop order applying quantum field theory. The tree-order correlator at a fixed comoving separation (that is at increasing physical distance) freezes in to a nonzero value. At a fixed physical distance, it grows linearly with comoving time. The one-loop correlator, which is the dominant quantum correction, implies a negative temporal growth in the correlation function, at this order, at a fixed comoving separation and at a fixed physical distance. We also obtain quantitative results for variance in space and time of one and two-loop correlators and infer that the contrast between the vacuum expectation value and the variance becomes less pronounced when the loop corrections are included. Finally, we repeat the analysis of the model applying a stochastic field theory and reach the same conclusions.

Self tuning scalar tensor black holes [Replacement]

Studying a certain sub class of higher order Horndeski (scalar-tensor) theories we discuss a method discovered recently permitting analytic black hole solutions with a non trivial and regular scalar field. One of the solutions found has de Sitter asymptotics and self tunes the bulk cosmological constant. Using the aforementioned method we find and analyse new black hole solutions which can also have de Sitter asymptotics. By looking at small deviations of the integration constant responsible for self tuning we discuss the robustness of the self tuning mechanism. We find that neighboring solutions to the one previously found present also self tuning properties with unaltered effective cosmological constant.

Self tuning scalar tensor black holes [Replacement]

Studying a certain sub class of higher order Horndeski (scalar-tensor) theories we discuss a method discovered recently permitting analytic black hole solutions with a non trivial and regular scalar field. One of the solutions found has de Sitter asymptotics and self tunes the bulk cosmological constant. Using the aforementioned method we find and analyse new black hole solutions which can also have de Sitter asymptotics. By looking at small deviations of the integration constant responsible for self tuning we discuss the robustness of the self tuning mechanism. We find that neighboring solutions to the one previously found present also self tuning properties with unaltered effective cosmological constant.

Self tuning scalar tensor black holes

Studying a certain sub class of higher order Horndeski (scalar-tensor) theories we discuss a method discovered recently permitting analytic black hole solutions with a non trivial and regular scalar field. One of the solutions found has de Sitter asymptotics and self tunes the bulk cosmological constant. Using the aforementioned method we find and analyse new black hole solutions which can also have de Sitter asymptotics. By looking at small deviations of the integration constant responsible for self tuning we discuss the robustness of the self tuning mechanism. We find that neighboring solutions to the one previously found present also self tuning properties with unaltered effective cosmological constant.

Self tuning scalar tensor black holes [Cross-Listing]

Studying a certain sub class of higher order Horndeski (scalar-tensor) theories we discuss a method discovered recently permitting analytic black hole solutions with a non trivial and regular scalar field. One of the solutions found has de Sitter asymptotics and self tunes the bulk cosmological constant. Using the aforementioned method we find and analyse new black hole solutions which can also have de Sitter asymptotics. By looking at small deviations of the integration constant responsible for self tuning we discuss the robustness of the self tuning mechanism. We find that neighboring solutions to the one previously found present also self tuning properties with unaltered effective cosmological constant.

Dynamical system analysis for DBI dark energy interacting with dark matter

A dynamical system analysis related to Dirac Born Infeld (DBI) cosmological model has been investigated in this present work. For spatially flat FRW space time, the Einstein field equation for DBI scenario has been used to study the dynamics of DBI dark energy interacting with dark matter. The DBI dark energy model is considered as a scalar field with a nonstandard kinetic energy term. An interaction between the DBI dark energy and dark matter is considered through a phenomenological interaction between DBI scalar field and the dark matter fluid. The field equations are reduced to an autonomous dynamical system by a suitable redefinition of the basic variables. The potential of the DBI scalar field is assumed to be exponential. Finally, critical points are determined, their nature have been analyzed and corresponding cosmological scenario has been discussed.

Construction and physical properties of Kerr black holes with scalar hair [Cross-Listing]

Kerr black holes with scalar hair are solutions of the Einstein-Klein-Gordon field equations describing regular (on and outside an event horizon), asymptotically flat black holes with scalar hair (arXiv:1403.2757). These black holes interpolate continuously between the Kerr solution and rotating boson stars in D=4 spacetime dimensions. Here we provide details on their construction, discussing properties of the ansatz, the field equations, the boundary conditions and the numerical strategy. Then, we present an overview of the parameter space of the solutions, and describe in detail the space-time structure of the black holes exterior geometry and of the scalar field for a sample of reference solutions. Phenomenological properties of potential astrophysical interest are also discussed, and the stability properties and possible generalizations are commented on. As supplementary material to this paper we make available numerical data files for the sample of reference solutions discussed, for public use.

Construction and physical properties of Kerr black holes with scalar hair

Kerr black holes with scalar hair are solutions of the Einstein-Klein-Gordon field equations describing regular (on and outside an event horizon), asymptotically flat black holes with scalar hair (arXiv:1403.2757). These black holes interpolate continuously between the Kerr solution and rotating boson stars in D=4 spacetime dimensions. Here we provide details on their construction, discussing properties of the ansatz, the field equations, the boundary conditions and the numerical strategy. Then, we present an overview of the parameter space of the solutions, and describe in detail the space-time structure of the black holes exterior geometry and of the scalar field for a sample of reference solutions. Phenomenological properties of potential astrophysical interest are also discussed, and the stability properties and possible generalizations are commented on. As supplementary material to this paper we make available numerical data files for the sample of reference solutions discussed, for public use.

Construction and physical properties of Kerr black holes with scalar hair [Cross-Listing]

Kerr black holes with scalar hair are solutions of the Einstein-Klein-Gordon field equations describing regular (on and outside an event horizon), asymptotically flat black holes with scalar hair (arXiv:1403.2757). These black holes interpolate continuously between the Kerr solution and rotating boson stars in D=4 spacetime dimensions. Here we provide details on their construction, discussing properties of the ansatz, the field equations, the boundary conditions and the numerical strategy. Then, we present an overview of the parameter space of the solutions, and describe in detail the space-time structure of the black holes exterior geometry and of the scalar field for a sample of reference solutions. Phenomenological properties of potential astrophysical interest are also discussed, and the stability properties and possible generalizations are commented on. As supplementary material to this paper we make available numerical data files for the sample of reference solutions discussed, for public use.

 

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