Short time scale spectral variability in the A0 supergiant HD92207 and the importance of line profile variations for the interpretation of FORS2 spectropolarimetric observations
Our recent search for the presence of a magnetic field in the bright early A-type supergiant HD92207 using FORS2 in spectropolarimetric mode indicated the presence of a longitudinal magnetic field of the order of a few hundred Gauss. Assuming the ideal case of a non-variable star, this discovery has recently been questioned in one work trying to demonstrate the importance of non-photon noise in FORS2 observations. The assumption of non-variability of HD92207 can, however, not be held since substantial profile variations of diverse lines on a time scale of minutes or maybe even a fraction of a minute are detected in FORS2 spectra. The presence of short-term spectral variability in blue supergiants, which are considered as type II supernova progenitors, has not been a subject of systematic studies before and is critical for the current theoretical understanding of their physics. Given the detected short term variability, the question of the presence of a magnetic field cannot be answered without proper modeling of the impact of such a variability on the measurements of the magnetic field. Since the short-term periodicity does not fit into the currently known domain of non-radially pulsating supergiants, its confirmation is of great importance for models of stellar evolution.