Unveiling the near-infrared structure of the massive-young stellar object NGC3603 IRS 9A with sparse aperture masking and spectroastrometry
According to the current theories, massive stars gather mass during their initial phases via accreting disk-like structures. However, those disks have remained elusive for massive young objects. This is mainly because of the observational challenges due to the large distances at which they are located, their rareness, and the high interstellar extinction. Therefore, the study of each young massive stellar object matters. NGC 3603 IRS 9A is a young massive stellar object still surrounded by an envelope of molecular gas. Previous mid-infrared observations with long-baseline interferometry provided evidence for a disk of 50 mas diameter at its core. This work studies the IRS 9A physics and morphology at near-infrared wavelengths. This study analyzed new sparse aperture masking data taken with NACO/VLT at K s and Lp filters in addition to archive CRIRES spectra of the H2 and Br_gamma lines. The calibrated visibilities trends of the Ks and Lp bands suggest the presence of a partially resolved compact object of 30 mas at the core of IRS 9A, and the presence of over-resolved flux. The spectroastrometric signal of the H2 line shows that this spectral feature proceeds from the large scale extended emission (300 mas), while the Br_gamma line appears to be formed at the core of the object (20 mas). Our best model supports the existence of the aforementioned compact disk, and the presence of an outer envelope with a polar cavity. This model also reproduces the MIR morphology previously derived in the literature. Furthermore, it also describes consistently the SED of the source. Moreover, the Br_gamma spectroastrometric signal suggests that the core of IRS 9A is more complex and that asymmetries in the disk and/or binary should be consider. New high-resolution observations are thus required to confirm the aforementioned hypothesis and to complement the physical scenario of IRS 9A.