(1 vote from 1 institution)
Numerical simulations have shown that the X-shaped structure in the Milky Way bulge can naturally arise from the bar instability and buckling instability. To understand the influence of the buckling amplitude on the morphology of the X-shape, we analyze three self-consistent numerical simulations of barred galaxies with different buckling amplitudes (strong, intermediate and weak). We derive the three-dimensional density with an adaptive kernel smoothing technique. The face-on iso-density surfaces are all elliptical, while in the edge-on view, the morphology of buckled bars transitions with increasing radius, from a central boxy core to a peanut bulge and then to an extended thin bar. Based on these iso-density surfaces at different density levels, we find no clear evidence for a well-defined structure shaped like a letter X. The X-shaped structure is more peanut-like, whose visual perception is probably enhanced by the pinched inner concave iso-density contours. The peanut bulge can reproduce qualitatively the observed bimodal distributions which were used as evidence for the discovery of the X-shape. The central boxy core is shaped like an oblong tablet, extending to $\sim$ 500 pc above and below the Galactic plane ($|b| \sim 4^\circ$). From the solar perspective, lines of sight passing through the central boxy core do not show bimodal distributions. This generally agrees with the observations that the double peaks merge at $|b| \sim 4^\circ - 5^\circ$ from the Galactic plane, indicating the presence of a possibly similar structure in the Galactic bulge.